Runners often suffer from plantar fasciitis, which causes arch pain, according to the American Academic of Podiatric Sports Medicine. Some runners develop a related disorder called heel spur syndrome, which causes heel pain. As runners increase their running intensity, they also increase the chance of stress fractures..
Other conditions that may cause foot pain for runners include sesamoiditis and Achilles tendinitis. The Achilles tendon attaches the calf to the heel, according to WebMD. When damaged, the area surrounding the tendon becomes stiff and painful. Sesamoiditis causes pain on the ball of the foot, notes the American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine.
To prevent injuries, WebMD suggests lower body stretches before and after each run. Runners should warm up five minutes before performing static stretches. Proper footwear can also prevent many foot injuries.