According to Mayo Clinic, doctors do not know the causes of fibromyalgia, but it is most likely caused by a combination of genetics, illnesses and physical or emotional trauma, such as post-traumatic stress disorder. WebMD adds that increased sensitivity to pain while experiencing stress or trauma may lead to development of fibromyalgia.
Fibromyalgia is a rheumatic condition that causes significant widespread pain, tiredness, sleep and memory issues. According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, fibromyalgia is not a form of arthritis but is like arthritis in that it debilitates the joints and muscles resulting in chronic pain. Women are more likely than men to develop the disease, and having rheumatic disease increases an individual's risk of developing fibromyalgia.
Fibromyalgia treatments involve over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, and prescription drugs, such as tramadol. Lyrica and Neurontin are anti-seizure medications that are reported to ease pain symptoms. At-home remedies include reducing stress, exercising regularly, eating healthy foods and trying to get sufficient sleep. Mayo Clinic suggests creating a consistent sleeping schedule and resisting the urge to nap during the day. Research on fibromyalgia continues with a focus on understanding different types of pain and providing symptom relief.