What Causes Facial Dermatitis?


Quick Answer

The causes of facial dermatitis include irritants, allergens, fungus or a mix of causes, such as bacteria, dry skin, environmental factors and the dysfunction of the immune system, according to Mayo Clinic. There are three main types of dermatitis: atopic dermatitis or eczema, contact dermatitis and seborrheic dermatitis.

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Full Answer

Atopic dermatitis, or eczema, is common on the face, and the cause is likely a mix of several factors such as dry skin, immune system dysfunction, gene variations, the environment and bacteria, explains Mayo Clinic. Contact dermatitis is another type, and the cause is a direct contact with an allergen or irritant such as cleaning products, perfumes, poison ivy, cosmetics or preservatives in lotions and creams. The cause of seborrheic dermatitis is a yeast that comes from the skin's oil secretions. This type of dermatitis often occurs seasonally.

The treatment of dermatitis varies depending on the cause, but it may include corticosteroid creams, phototherapy or calcineurin inhibitors, which affect the immune system, states Mayo Clinic. People also treat dermatitis with over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream, calamine lotion and oral antihistamines. People may also find relief by applying a cool, wet compress to the dermatitis or moisturizing the skin. Making a solution with water and uncooked oatmeal or a concentrated bleach solution may also help treat dermatitis.

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