Some potential causes of esophagus tightness or inflammation include bacteria, viruses and fungi, according to WebMD. In addition, vomiting, certain surgeries and gastroesophageal reflux disease may cause esophagus inflammation. In some cases, leftover residue from medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen, antibiotics, potassium chloride, bisphosphonates and quinidine may cause esophagus tightness, as reported by Mayo Clinic.
Patients who suffer from immune deficiency disorders, diabetes and HIV are more likely to experience esophagus tightness caused by bacteria or the mouth yeast infection known as Candida. Herpes is another known cause of throat tightness, as reported by WebMD.
Those who suffer from esophagus tightness may experience difficult or painful swallowing, nausea, vomiting or the feeling of something stuck in the throat, notes Mayo Clinic. Additionally, sufferers my have chest pain while eating, heartburn or acid regurgitation.
Patients who experience these symptoms for more than a few days should seek professional medical attention, advises Mayo Clinic. It is also best to seek medical assistance if the symptoms do not subside with over-the-counter medications, the problem is severe enough to interfere with eating, the patient has chest pain or shortness of breath after eating or the patient has flu symptoms in addition to esophagus tightness. Emergency situations include chest pain for more than a few minutes, the possibility that food is stuck in the patient's throat or the patient has a history of heart disease along with chest pain.