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What are the causes of epididymitis?

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According to the Mayo Clinic, the causes of epididymitis are sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, bacterial infections, sustaining a groin injury, taking a heart medication called Amiodarone, and tuberculosis infection. This swelling of the epididymis is usually caused by bacterial infection coming from the urethra, prostate or bladder.

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Additionally, Medline Plus states that those who are uncircumcised, those who have had surgery or problems with their urinary tract, those who regularly use a urethral catheter, and those who have multiple sexual partners have a greater risk of contracting epididymitis. Symptoms of epididymitis include fever, groin pain, experiencing pain or a burning sensation during urination, bloody semen, discharge from the urethra, and a swollen epididymis. Some of these symptoms may be present in other conditions, such as sports hernia or testicular torsion, so a physical examination by a doctor is recommended for a diagnosis. An examination by a doctor may include a urinalysis, Doppler ultrasound and complete blood count.

According to the CDC, patients can go through treatment outside of a hospital by carefully following medication and hygiene regimens prescribed by their doctors. If the symptoms persist after three days of beginning the initial treatment, patients should return to their doctors for further evaluation.

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