According to WebMD, a distended gallbladder is most commonly caused by the blockage of the cystic duct, an outlet for the gallbladder fluids, by a gallstone. Swelling of the gallbladder can also occur without a gallstone, but this is rare and mostly occurs in people who are very sick from other conditions. If left untreated, chronic gallbladder swelling can lead to a thickening and hardening of the gallbladder walls.Continue Reading
WebMD states that the distension of the gallbladder is also known as cholecytitis. The buildup of bile in the gallbladder when it is blocked causes swelling of the tissues and pain, and it opens the organ to infection. The pain of cholecytitis tends to be local to the upper left side of the abdomen, but it can radiate to the back or right shoulder blade. That abdominal area is often also tender to the touch or to any other increase in pressure, such as from a deep breath. Nausea and vomiting are common side effects of this condition.
Treatment for a distended gallbladder depends on the severity of the condition, according to WebMD. Careful rest, intravenous antibiotics and pain medication are often sufficient for mild cases. More severe cases require surgery, often to remove the gallbladder entirely.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues
A contracted gallbladder is one that is diseased and smaller than normal. The contraction of a gallbladder in such a situation typically is caused by scarring. The contraction or shrinking of a gallbladder prevents it from functioning normally.Full Answer >
Though other conditions can mimic a gallbladder attack, a person should suspect she's having one if she feels a sudden, colicky pain in the upper right abdomen, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. The pain usually lasts several hours and occurs after heavy meals,Full Answer >
The symptoms of a bad gallbladder include indigestion, nausea, vomiting and stomach pain. The pain is potentially sharp or dull, depending on the condition. Pain and symptoms sometimes worsen after a greasy meal, reports Everyday Health.Full Answer >
A gallbladder cleanse involves committing to a diet of olive oil, herbs and fruit juice over the course of several days to a week, according to the Mayo Clinic. This diet works to break up gallstones and flush them out of the gallbladder to be excreted out of the body.Full Answer >