The loss of teeth or chronic periodontitis, a condition where bacteria eats away at the ligaments and underlying jawbone that connects teeth to the bone, can cause dental bone loss, according to Pasadena Periodontics. Missing teeth that have not been replaced can also cause dental bone loss.
Infections that damage the bone, large tumors in the face and misaligned teeth that obstruct normal chewing patterns can cause dental bone loss, according to Pasadena Periodontics. In addition, when teeth are missing in the mouth, the jawbone is not preserved when it does not experience the stimulus and pressure of chewing, causing the bone to reabsorb into the body. People who wear dentures may be more prone to dental bone loss because pressure placed on the ridge when chewing results in bones absorbing into the body.
Periodontitis, a gum infection that destroys bones that support the teeth and damages soft tissues, can cause significant dental bone loss, according to Mayo Clinic. A patient with periodontitis can not only experience tooth loss and bone damage but may also be at risk for serious health problems, such as a stroke or heart attack. Poor oral hygiene typically causes periodontitis, and regular dental cleanings and brushing and flossing daily can reduce the risks.