What Are Causes of and Cures for Fatty Liver?

Causes of fatty liver include excessive intake of alcohol, type 2 diabetes and obesity, according to Healthline. Cures for fatty liver include alcoholism treatment, weight loss, cholesterol management and blood sugar control.

Fatty liver occurs when the body is unable to metabolize fat quickly or produces excess fats, explains Healthline. The extra fats deposit on the liver, leading to fatty liver disease. However, consuming a diet that is enriched with fats does not translate directly to the problem. Other potential causes of fatty liver include inherited metabolic disorders and side effects of certain medications.

Treatment for fatty liver depends with the underlying cause, notes Healthline. Changing diet, avoiding alcohol and exercising may help in treating the condition. Maintaining a healthy weight may aid in preventing the problem. Risk factors for fatty liver include high cholesterol levels, pregnancy and malnutrition.

Rare symptoms of fatty liver include unclear discomfort in the abdomen and fatigue, reports Healthline. Types of fatty liver include nonalcoholic fatty liver, which does not relate to alcohol; alcoholic fatty liver, which results from excessive drinking of alcohol; acute fatty liver of pregnancy, a condition that begins during the third trimester and may cause vomiting, nausea and jaundice; and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, which results from swelling of the liver. Severe damage to the liver may give rise to cirrhosis, or permanent scarring of the liver.