Costochondritis musculoskeletal chest pain has no definite cause, according to eMedicineHealth. However, there are certain factors that could increase the risk of costochondritis, including chest injury, arthritis, physical strain, joint infections and tumors, reports Mayo Clinic. Individuals who have had surgery in their upper chest or who use recreational IV drugs are also at risk of suffering from costochondritis.
Trauma or a blow to the chest may cause costochondritis, reports Mayo Clinic. Infections that may cause costochondritis include viral respiratory infections that cause inflammation of the costochondral junctions, bacterial infections that may affect the patient after surgery and fungal infections, according to eMedicineHealth.
Severe coughing, heavy lifting and strenuous exercises may cause costochondritis, notes Mayo Clinic. Infections that affect the rib joints, such as aspergillosis, tuberculosis and syphilis have also been linked to costochondritis. Both cancerous and noncancerous tumors can cause inflammation of the cartilage that connects the sternum to the ribs, resulting in musculoskeletal chest pain. Sometimes, cancers travel from other parts of the body, such as the lung, thyroid and breast, and cause costochondritis musculoskeletal chest pain.
Certain types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and ankylosing spondylitis may cause costochondritis musculoskeletal chest pain, according to Mayo Clinic. This condition may also be a symptom of fibromyalgia or relapsing polychondritis, states eMedicineHealth.