There can be several causes of colon pain since many disorders affect the colon’s ability to function normally. Colorectal cancer, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis and irritable bowel syndrome can all cause colon pain, according to MedlinePlus. These conditions can cause symptoms similar to one another, such as diarrhea and constipation.
Colon cancer occurs as a result of the formation of tumors in the lining of the large intestine. Pain may be experienced due to inflammation in the colon that causes gas and cramping. Colon cancer may also cause rectal pain, an uncomfortable feeling of bloating and that the bowel does not fully empty, states NIH.gov.
Ulcerative colitis causes pain as a result of ulceration of the colon. Pain can be experienced in the abdomen, along with fever, ongoing diarrhea and bloody stools. In some cases, this condition can be life-threatening, explains Mayo Clinic.
The symptoms of diverticulitis can last from hours up to several days. Colon pain in the abdomen causing tenderness and swelling is generally experienced on the lower left side of the abdomen. These symptoms may be accompanied by a fever and chills, loss of appetite, and nausea and vomiting, according to WebMD.
Irritable bowel syndrome is a condition that causes abdominal cramping, constipation and diarrhea. Women are more likely to be affected by this condition than men, explains WebMD.