The main cause of CIDP is an abnormal response by the immune system, according to MedlinePlus. The specific cause varies, and in some cases, the cause cannot be identified.
CIPD can happen as a result of several other diseases, such as HIV, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, lymphoma and other immune disorders, as stated by MedlinePlus.
The type of treatment given for the disease depends on how bad the symptoms are, according to MedlinePlus. However, the overall goal is to control symptoms, saving the more aggressive treatment options for people who have lost the ability to walk or for people who are unable to perform daily tasks as a result of the disease. Typical treatments include corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and immune suppressant drugs. Removing antibodies from the blood through a process known as plasmapheresis is another treatment option. Adding large amounts of antibodies into the patient's blood plasma can help by reducing the effect of the antibodies causing the problem. Physiotherapy may help improve muscle strength and mobility, states the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
Prognosis for the disease varies greatly from person to person, according to MedlinePlus. The disorder may last a long time for some people, while others experience intermittent episodes. Complete recovery is possible; however, it is not uncommon for patients to lose some nerve function.