Hip bursitis typically develops when the trochanter joints are repeatedly irritated from rapid, repetitive movement, such as jogging or riding a bike, WebMD states. Acute injury and other types of prolonged strain can also lead to bursitis, or it may be triggered by past hip surgery or arthritis.
Bursitis is an inflammatory condition that occurs when fluid-filled sacs, known as bursae, become swollen and irritated, according to Cleveland Clinic. Individuals can overextend their hips during routine or recreational activities, such as climbing, running up stairs or sleeping on one side of the body. Injury-related bursitis may be caused by accidents, such as falling or bumping into objects. The soft tissue surrounding the joint can be worn down by friction, especially if a patient has bone spurs, or spinal alignment problems can put harmful stress on the hip.
Symptoms of hip bursitis often include lasting pain around the joint, buttocks and thighs, which may lead to limping or discomfort while sleeping, WebMD notes. Physical activities, such as walking, can increase soreness, and individuals may feel pain when sitting is specific positions, such as cross-legged. If fluid build-up or infection develop, the hip may become red, warm and swollen. Treatment is aimed at relieving pain and limiting pressure on the joint, so doctors may recommend ice packs, medication, weight loss or supportive canes. Patients may be advised to perform stretching exercises to manage weakened hip or lower back muscles.