A burning sensation in the eyes may result from exposure to substances such as smoke, pollen, smog, dry air and dust, according to Healthgrades. Eye contact with chemicals such as soap, shampoo, chlorine, moisturizers and makeup may also cause burning sensations. Additionally, burning eyes may result from diseases that include common cold, upper respiratory infections and conjunctivitis, a condition in which the eye surface becomes swollen.
Burning eyes is a condition in which the eyes burn and irritate that may occur with other symptoms such as tearing and eye discharge, notes Healthgrades. People with burning eyes may also experience eye dryness, eye itching, eye bleeding, double vision and runny nose. Because burning eyes may be a symptom of a serious underlying cause, such as uveitis and periorbital cellulitis, it is crucial to visit a doctor immediately when the condition occurs to ensure early diagnosis and treatment. This may prevent complications associated with the condition, such as the spread of infection and vision loss.
The diagnosis of burning eyes involves a physical exam in which the doctor examines the condition of eye parts such as the cornea, eyelids and conjunctiva. The doctor also evaluates certain aspects of the eyes, including motion and reaction of the pupils to light, explains MedlinePlus. Treatment focuses on addressing the underlying cause of eye burning and may include the use of eye drops to lubricate the eyes. The doctor may also prescribe antibiotic eye drops.