Some conditions that can cause a burning back pain are sciatica, herniated disk, muscle spasm or strain, osteoarthritis, multiple sclerosis and a spinal fracture. Infections of the spine or kidneys may also cause this symptom, states the National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus. However, there can be many other causes for a burning back pain.
A burning pain can be present in the upper, middle or lower back regions. When the pain is in the lumbar region, it can be due to a herniated disk. A herniated disc is a bulging out or rupture of a disk found between vertebrae. This can cause compression on nearby spinal nerves, causing a burning pain. However, spinal stenosis, scoliosis and a lower back injury can all be factors for this symptom to be present, notes MedlinePlus.
Beside pain, other symptoms associated with some back problems can be leg weakness, tingling sensation in the affected region and pain that spreads out from the lower back down to the buttocks, thighs and legs. These symptoms can develop in a condition called sciatica when there is some type of compression on the sciatic nerve, as noted by Mayo Clinic.
Although a burning pain in the upper or middle back is not as common as it is in the lower back region, it can occur. The pain can be due to conditions such as osteoarthritis, muscle injuries, myofascial pain and a spine fracture, states eMedicineHealth. Some rare causes of this symptom may also be cancer or certain types of infections.