Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a cause of tingling, burning or shocking pain in the medial ankle or foot according to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Another possible cause is ankle arthritis if the joint is red, swollen or warm, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Compression on the posterior tibial nerve, which runs down the inside and back of the lower leg, causes tarsal tunnel syndrome, states the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. It is similar to carpal tunnel syndrome in the wrist. Treatment includes rest, ice nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, injections and an adjustment in footwear.
The gradual breakdown in the cartilage of the joint in osteoarthritis, or immune cells attacking the synovium of the ankle in rheumatoid arthritis, causes arthritis, notes the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Treatments involve lifestyle modifications, physical therapy, medications, assistive devices and surgery.