Burning knee pain may be caused by iliotibial band syndrome, which is a condition that results when a band of tissue rubs over the lateral condyle, according to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. It is usually caused by long-term overuse of the knee.
The lateral condyle is the knee’s outer bone, according to MedicineNet.com. Iliotibial band syndrome is sometimes caused by direct knee injuries, but it is most closely associated with sports training. Bicyclists and runners often experience iliotibial band syndrome.
The initial treatment for iliotibial band syndrome includes rest, the application of ice to the area, compression therapy and elevation of the knee, notes MedicineNet.com. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications such as naproxen sodium or ibuprofen may be administered to alleviate discomfort and reduce swelling caused by the condition.
Physical therapy is recommended if initial treatments are ineffective, reports MedicineNet.com. The goal of physical therapy is to decrease inflammation in the area, with sessions focusing on stretching and flexibility. Ultrasound techniques may also be added to a treatment plan for iliotibial band syndrome. In the rare instance that nonsurgical treatments fail, arthroscopy is a last choice treatment to cut away the inflammation surrounding the iliotibial band and provide relief.