Causes of burning during urination include urinary tract infections, stones in the urinary tract, vaginal changes due to menopause and urethra irritability from sexual activity, states WebMD. Other causes include gonorrhea, bladder infections, narrowing of the urethra and genital herpes, according to Mayo Clinic.
Bacteria are most often the cause of infections and/or inflammation of the urinary tract. These infections are more common in women than men; men have a longer urethra than women, and bacteria are less likely to live in longer urethras, notes Healthline. Risk factors for urinary tract infections include enlarged prostate, pregnancy, diabetes and kidney stones. Sexually transmitted diseases can also cause painful urination and other symptoms, such as itching and blister, states WebMD. Bubble baths, lotions and soaps can irritate vaginal tissues, causing burning urination, explains Healthline.
Ways of relieving burning urination include using condoms during sexual intercourse to prevent sexually transmitted infections and eliminating drinks and foods that irritate the bladder, such as alcohol, artificial sweeteners, caffeine and spicy foods. Patients should seek medical attention for painful urination if they see blood in the urine, have discharge from the vagina or penis, or have a fever or back pain, according to Mayo Clinic. Treatments include drugs such as pentosan polysulfate sodium, tricyclic antidepressants and acetaminophen with codeine. Patients should take medication as directed, stresses Healthline.