What Causes Bunions on the Feet and How Do You Get Rid of Them?


Quick Answer

Bunions are generally thought to be genetic, the result of inherited faulty foot structure, states Healthline. Conditions that contribute to the development of bunions include flat feet, excessively flexible ligaments and abnormal bone structure. Some experts believe that improperly fitting shoes worsen an existing structure problem.

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Full Answer

A bunion is an abnormality of the foot bones in the big toe that usually becomes worse over time, explains Healthline. Bunions are aggravated by shoes that are too small and tight; high heels or shoes with pointy toes; standing on the feet for long periods of time; and arthritis. Symptoms are red and inflamed skin on the side of the big toe; the big toe turned toward the other toes; rigidity in the big toe; and persistent or intermittent foot pain.

Nonsurgical bunion treatments include wearing shoes with padded soles and roomy toe boxes; taping the foot into a normal position; over-the-counter arch supports; and over-the-counter pain relievers, according to Healthline. A surgical bunionectomy involves correcting the position of the big toe by removing some of the bone and swollen tissue from the affected joint. Full recovery from a bunionectomy can take up to eight weeks. In many cases, patients are able to walk on the foot immediately following the procedure.

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