Bright's kidney disease is a historical syndrome later reclassified as glomerulonephritis, reports a paper published on PubMed. This condition is characterized by inflammation in the kidney, according to Mayo Clinic. Glomerulonephritis can result from diseases like lupus, diabetes, hypertension and strep throat. Sometimes, the cause of glomerulonephritis is unknown.
Vasculitis, bacteria and viruses can trigger glomerulonephritis, explains Mayo Clinic. Culpable infectious agents include HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Goodpasture's syndrome is an uncommon disorder that induces glomerulonephritis and bleeding of the lungs. Rarely, glomerulonephritis is inherited. Alport syndrome is one inheritable form of glomerulonephritis that can additionally cause hearing or vision loss.
Glomerulonephritis can create serious medical complications, including high blood pressure and acute kidney failure, according to Mayo Clinic. Glomerulonephritis-induced kidney failure can cause waste products to quickly build up in the body. This is a life-threatening symptom that is treated with emergency dialysis, a procedure in which the patient's blood is filtered and cleansed through an artificial kidney machine.
Glomerulonephritis is clinically associated with nephrotic syndrome, reports Mayo Clinic. This is a condition in which protein builds up in the urine, leading to dangerously low blood protein levels. High cholesterol and swelling of the eyelids are related symptoms.