Heel spurs, which are calcium deposits that form on the bottom part of the heel bone, can have causes that include overstretching of the plantar fascia and excessive strain placed on the foot muscles and ligaments. People who are more susceptible in developing heel spurs are athletes like runners, reports WebMD. Some other risk factors are obesity, having flat feet and shoes that do not fit properly.
When viewed on an X-ray, a heel spur is a bony projection at the heel that may or may not cause pain. If there is pain, it can cause people difficulty in trying to stand in the morning, and walking during the day may also be painful. The symptoms of pain and tenderness can be associated with the inflammation of the plantar fascia, suggests MedicineNet.
The treatment options can be conventional non-surgical methods or surgery to address the symptoms of this medical condition. When a person has heel pain for a month, he should see a doctor for a diagnosis. Heel spurs can be diagnosed through an X-ray, explains the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. The treatment options can be non-surgical methods like physical therapy, orthotic devices, changing shoes, splints, pain relievers like acetaminophen or cortisone injections. When these treatment options fail to help with pain after about a year of treatment, then surgery for spur removal may be recommended, states WebMD.