What causes blocked femoral arteries and hernias?


Quick Answer

The cause of blocked femoral arteries is hardening of the arteries due to plaque buildup, while the cause hernias is pressure and weakness in the muscle or fascia, according to Vascular Web and WebMD. Straining activities that cause pressure in the abdomen and may lead to hernias include lifting, coughing and sneezing, or diarrhea and constipation.

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Full Answer

Blocked femoral arteries occur with peripheral artery disease and cause pain in the legs when walking, explains Vascular Web. If left untreated, peripheral artery disease may lead to gangrene, heart attack and stroke. The risk of developing peripheral artery disease increases with age. Men, smokers, and people with high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and obesity are more prone to the disease. Treatment for peripheral artery disease includes lifestyle changes, medication, angioplasty and stenting, bypass surgery, and in extreme cases, amputation.

A hernia develops when an organ or tissue escapes from a weak spot in a muscle or the fascia, the connective tissue covering the muscle, explains WebMD. Hernias commonly occur in the groin, umbilical cords of infants, stomach and incision sites. The muscle weakness that leads to hernias may be present at birth or may result from obesity, poor nutrition or smoking. Hernias may lead to life-threatening complications, notes Healthline. Hernia treatment can include lifestyle changes, medication and surgery.

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