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What are the causes of a bloated stomach?

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Quick Answer

A bloated stomach commonly occurs as a result of air swallowing, increase in body weight, constipation, excessive eating and irritable bowel syndrome, according to MedlinePlus. Serious medical conditions such as ovarian cancer, celiac disease, dumping syndrome, ascites and pancreatic insufficiency may also result in a bloated stomach. Eating foods that are rich in fructose is also a possible cause of a bloated stomach.

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Full Answer

A bloated stomach, or abdominal bloating, is a feeling of fullness and tightness in the belly, which may also be characterized by a distended stomach, notes MedlinePlus. To relieve abdominal bloating, certain lifestyle changes are applicable: avoiding gas-producing foods including beans, lentils, cabbage and Brussels sprouts; quitting smoking; avoiding foods that are rich in sorbitol or fructose; and reducing eating speed. Eating in small meals five to six times daily rather than having big meals fewer times a day also prevent bloating, which usually occurs after the latter, as WebMD claims. In this case, however, the amount of calories and food should meet the body requirements.

Patients of abdominal bloating with constipation should seek treatment, states MedlinePlus. Additionally, patients of abdominal bloating should seek medical attention if symptoms such as weight loss, worsening heartburn, diarrhea, vomiting and bloody stools accompany abdominal bloating. A feeling of pain in the abdomen also necessitates medical attention.

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