Female bladder control problems may be caused by pregnancy and childbirth, diseases such as urinary tract disease, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease, certain prescription medications, and nerve damage, according to WebMD. Sports injuries are a frequent cause of incontinence in young women. Incontinence is common in menopausal women, notes the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Stress incontinence, or the leakage of urine after exertion, results from actions that place excessive stress on the bladder, explains WebMD. It can occur when the pelvic muscles become stretched due to childbirth, aging, sports injuries and being overweight. Being overweight can cause stress incontinence due to the pressure excess weight places on the bladder, notes the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Urge incontinence is characterized by an urgent need to urinate followed by an involuntary release of urine, according to WebMD. Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis can cause urge incontinence. Urinary tract infections cause temporary urge incontinence, notes the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Overflow incontinence is the inability to completely empty the bladder, and sufferers continually dribble urine due to bladder obstructions and the inability of the bladder to contract, advises WebMD. Women may experience overflow incontinence due to certain medications and diabetic nerve damage.
Mixed incontinence sufferers experience stress and urge incontinence simultaneously, explains the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.