The causes of balance problems include medications, head injury and ear infections, according to National Institute of Health. Hypotension and visual system complications including arthritis and eye muscle imbalance may also result in balance disorders. The susceptibility to balance disorders increases with age.
A balance problem is a medical condition that causes dizziness and unsteadiness, as defined by National Institute of Health. Common types of balance disorders include benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, labyrinthitis, vestibular neuronitis and perilymph fistula.
During movement, the body's vestibular system triggers the otolithic organs and semicircular canals to coordinate with other body sensory systems in maintaining body balance and visual focus, explains National Institute of Health. A malfunction in the sensory systems that are responsible for body balance due to, among other factors, medications, head injuries and ear infections results in balance problems, which expose the patient to falling and eventual injuries.
The symptoms of balance problems include staggering while walking, dizziness, floating sensation and lightheadedness, as claimed by National Institute of Health. The patient may also experience a blurred vision, disorientation, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. These symptoms may either last shortly or for a prolonged period of time. When faced with these symptoms, the patient should seek medical care which may involve diagnosis and treatment of the underlying problem.