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What causes arthritis in the shoulder?

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Arthritis in the shoulder can develop as a result of a dislocated or fractured shoulder or an injury or trauma to the shoulder area, according to WebMD. People who are age 50 or older may naturally develop arthritis in the shoulder, especially individuals with a family history of the disease.

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Arthritis in the shoulder that is caused by an injury is typically known as post-traumatic arthritis and more commonly occurs in younger people, explains WebMD. People who are age 50 or older commonly inherit the disease, as the condition can be hereditary.

Patients with arthritis in the shoulder often experience pain and discomfort when moving the shoulder and have a limited range of motion, as reported by WebMD. It is also possible to hear a creaking or clicking noise when moving the arm or shoulder when arthritis is present. People experiencing pain in the shoulder or a limited range of motion should be assessed by a physician to determine if arthritis is present. Physicians can detect the condition through blood tests, removal of fluid in the shoulder, MRI scans and X-rays.

Treatment for arthritis in the shoulder may include physical therapy, range-of-motion exercises, corticosteroid injections or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain and inflammation, according to WebMD. Home remedies include applying heat and ice to the shoulder to reduce inflammation and rest.

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