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What are some causes of aching muscles and joints?

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Common causes of aching muscles include stress or tension, overuse of the muscles, and injuries such as strains and sprains, according to MedlinePlus. Arthritis is the most common cause of joint pain, but conditions such as bursitis, gout, lupus and tendinitis can also produce pain in the joints, explains Healthline.

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Additional causes of joint pain include infectious diseases such as hepatitis, influenza and the mumps, or an infection of the affected bone, according to Healthline. People with cancer, fibromyalgia, osteoporosis, rickets and sarcoidosis commonly experience joint pain.

Certain medications for lowering blood pressure or cholesterol, as well as drugs such as cocaine, can cause people to develop aching muscles, explains MedlinePlus. An electrolyte imbalance, roundworm, dermatomyositis and polymyositis cause muscle pain as well.

Individuals suffering from joint and muscle aches due to arthritis are treated with topical pain relievers and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce inflammation, swelling and pain, according to Healthline. A consistent routine of stretching and exercise helps to keep the body weight healthy to reduce strain on the joints and improve the range of motion, ultimately preventing muscle and joint aches. Muscle aches caused from injury or overuse are treated with rest and ice during the first 24 to 72 hours, explains MedlinePlus.

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