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What are some causes of abdominal wall pain?

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Quick Answer

Causes of abdominal wall pain include a hernia in the abdominal wall, endometriosis and an abdominal wall tear, according to American Family Physician. In some cases, abdominal wall pain has no known cause and may be due to tight clothing.

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An abdominal wall hernia occurs when the intestines protrude through an area of weakness in the abdominal wall, notes Merck Manuals. Hernias are common among men and lead to symptoms such as gradually increasing abdominal pain that accompanies nausea and vomiting. Doctors diagnose patients with the condition through physical examination, ultrasonography or computed tomography scans. Hernias are typically treated with surgery.

Endometriosis occurs when the lining of the uterus grows in other places in the body in women, according to the Office on Women's Health. Symptoms of endometriosis include intestinal pain, bleeding between menstrual periods and painful menstrual cramps. As of 2015, doctors do not know the exact cause of the disease but believe that factors such as problems with menstrual period flow, hormones, genetics and surgery may be responsible for endometriosis. Treatment for the condition involves medication, surgery and supplementation.

An abdominal wall tear is a strain that is commonly seen in athletes and occurs due to overuse or injury, explains Insall Scott Kelly Institute for Orthopaedics and Sports Medicines. Doctors typically diagnose the condition through physical examination, and patients are treated through rest, ice, compression and elevation. Pelvic stabilization exercises help prevent abdominal wall tears.

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