Abdominal spasms have a variety of causes, the common ones being constipation or diarrhea, inflammation, vomiting, stress, and acid reflux, according to Healthline. Food allergies and poisoning, irritable bowel syndrome, menstrual cramps, ulcers and urinary tract infections are other common causes, says WebMD.
An abdominal spasm is pain that results from involuntary muscular contractions that occurs between the chest and pelvic regions. The primary organs in this region are the liver, spleen, intestines, kidneys and gallbladder. Any disease or inflammation that interferes with these organs or causes viruses or bacteria to enter into digestive tract can result in abdominal spasms, claims Healthline.
Common diseases that affect the digestive system potentially causing abdominal spasms include gastroenteritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, lactose intolerance and Crohns disease. These conditions may also cause heartburn, changes in bowel movements, inflammation and an inability for the stomach to digest lactose, a sugar found in milk products, notes Healthline.
Abdominal spasms are very common in women. They are mainly associated with miscarriage, menstruation or complications in the reproductive system. These pains may come and go without treatment, says Healthline. However, one should seek medical attention if symptoms such as fever, dehydration, unusually frequent urination and the inability to pass stool occur, according to WebMD.