Foot pain can be caused by ill-fitting shoes, plantar fasciitis, tarsal tunnel syndrome or stress fractures, according to University of Maryland Medical Center. Foot pain can also be a complication of diabetes and certain medications.
Metatarsalgia is a recurring pain that attacks the ball of the foot, claims UMMC. Its cause is unknown, but its symptoms can be eased by wearing footwear with a wide toe box and cushioned inserts.
Plantar fasciitis is a common foot pain that is felt between the arch and the heel of the foot, according to Mayo Clinic. It develops when the band of tissue called the plantar fascia becomes inflamed. The pain, which is described as stabbing, is worst the first thing in the morning, then eases over the course of the day. The pain may return after a period of inactivity. Again, the culprit may be ill-fitting shoes, but runners and people who are obese are also at risk for plantar fasciitis. It often responds to special exercises and the use of devices such as night splints and orthotics, and the pain can be controlled by pain medications.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome causes a shooting pain in the foot, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. It is caused by the compression of the tibial nerve.