Cervical lacerations sometimes occur during a vaginal childbirth, according to What to Expect. Increased bleeding after childbirth is an immediate symptom of a cervical laceration although this can be difficult to detect as bleeding is normal after childbirth. While tears to the perineum, or the area between the vagina and anus, are most common, cervical lacerations occur much less frequently.
According to Healthline, cervical lacerations are detected when bleeding increases shortly after delivery. To stop bleeding, absorbable sutures that do not require removal are used, and no additional treatment is typically necessary. A metal retractor is used during the procedure to allow the doctor or midwife the ability to view the vagina and cervix.
Patients take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications to control the pain associated with a cervical laceration, according to Healthline. They often use stool softeners for up to a week following delivery to allow for healing of the laceration by avoiding the need to push during a bowel movement. Patients must avoid both douching and tampons during the healing period to prevent infection. They also need to avoid sexual intercourse during this time. After four to six weeks, a doctor or midwife evaluates the laceration, and once healed, the patient can resume normal activities.