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What is the cause of bladder leakage?

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Bladder leakage, also referred to as incontinence, can be caused by damage to the muscles of the pelvic floor due to surgery or childbirth, an enlarged prostate gland and kidney stones, explains Healthline. Benign and malignant tumors can also hinder urine flow and cause leakage.

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Temporary urinary leakage can also be caused by beverages containing caffeine, alcohol, excessive dosages of vitamin C and muscle relaxing medications, explains Mayo Clinic. This type of incontinence is typically temporary. Urine leakage accompanied by a strong odor or a burning sensation can indicate a urinary tract infection, which is an easily treatable condition.

Stress incontinence is urinary leakage that occurs during physical activities, such as lifting, or when coughing or sneezing, according to MedlinePlus. The condition often occurs in people with weakened bladder muscles and can be treated with behavioral changes and medications that prevent the bladder from contracting. Behavioral changes include limiting fluid intake, minimizing fiber intake and using the restroom as soon as the urge to urinate develops. People with stress incontinence may also benefit by collagen injection treatments that thicken the tissue that surrounds the urethra as well as surgical repair of sagging vaginal walls, a condition that leads to leakage.

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