What Is the Cause of AML?


Quick Answer

Acute myelogenous leukemia occurs as a result of damage to the deoxyribonucleic acid of the developing cells in the bone marrow, states Mayo Clinic. This hinders the production of normal blood cells, leading to the formation of leukemic white blood cells, which can accumulate and overshadow the normal blood cells.

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Full Answer

Acute myelogenous leukemia refers to the blood and bone marrow cancer, as reported by Mayo Clinic. It is acute in the sense that it grows fast. It attacks myeloid cells which form white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets, hence myelogenous. This type of cancer is also called acute myeloid leukemia.

A person who is exposed to radiation, chemotherapy drugs and harmful chemicals has high chances of developing acute myelogenous leukemia, explains Mayo Clinic. Other risk factors include smoking, blood disorders such as myelodysplasia and thrombocythemia, and genetic disorders such as Down syndrome.

A patient of acute myelogenous leukemia experiences fever, pain in the bones, breath shortness and abnormal bleeding, according to Mayo Clinic. Such a patient may also have pale skin and may experience fatigue. When an individual experiences any of these symptoms, he should immediately visit a doctor. These symptoms may, however, vary from one patient to another, depending on the affected type of blood cells.

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