Painful lumps on the tongue can be cared for with medications or topical ointments, according to WebMD. Some lumps are caused by oral cancer, in which case, the person needs to consult a physician.
Painful lumps on the tongue can be cared for in a variety of ways depending on the cause of the lumps, says WebMD. For instance, lumps caused by medical conditions or cancer require medications, while other lumps resolve themselves over time. Enlarged papillae, or swollen taste buds, is one of the conditions that resolves itself. If the lumps appear because a person bit his tongue, he needs to avoid further traumatizing the area and give it time to heal.
Canker sores resolve themselves as well, but they can be treated and managed by following a few simple steps, explains Mayo Clinic. First, rinse the mouth with a salt water and baking soda mixture. Then, apply a baking soda paste to manage the pain and speed the healing time, or purchase an over-the-counter numbing agent. Ice also works well to numb the pain.
Sometimes smoking can also irritate the tongue, states WebMD. A person can treat these lumps and avoid further problems by avoiding any tobacco use.