To care for a broken toe, apply ice with cloth on the toe for up to 20 minutes each hour two to three times daily; take ibuprofen, naproxen or acetaminophen to relieve pain; rest properly; and elevate the foot to reduce swelling, advises MedlinePlus. Avoid moving the foot unless necessary.
To maintain the toe's stability, wrap some tape around it and the toe beside it, instructs MedlinePlus. Insert cotton balls between the toes to avoid excessive moisture, and change the cotton every day. If wearing a regular shoe causes pain, talk to a physician, who can provide stiff-bottomed footwear for toe protection. Wear a solid, stable shoe once the toe stops swelling.
Do a bit of walking every day, increasing the amount of exercise gradually, suggests MedlinePlus. Apply ice on the toe after exercising if pain occurs. A broken toe typically heals with proper home care within four to six weeks.
See a doctor immediately if the toe injury is severe, advises MedlinePlus. A cast or splint is often necessary to promote healing of a damaged big toe. Injuries resulting from a dropped object often cause the region beneath the toenail to bruise. This type of toe injury resolves over time when the nail grows; however, doctors may suggest removing the nail to relieve pain if there's blood below it.