The best carbohydrates for a person with diabetes to eat include fruit, milk, yogurt and starchy vegetables such as beans, potatoes and corn, according to WebMD. Cereal, pasta, bread and rice are also excellent carbohydrates for a diabetic diet.
The complex carbohydrates such as those found in whole grains, nuts, vegetables and beans are better for people with diabetes than simple carbohydrates such as sugar, notes WebMD. Complex carbohydrates provide fiber and lasting energy because they are not digested as quickly as simple carbohydrates.
It is a good idea for people with diabetes to keep track of the amount of carbohydrates consumed daily, recommends WebMD. Splitting the carbohydrates evenly among meals helps people with diabetes to control blood sugar levels more accurately. Consuming more carbohydrates than the available insulin supply causes the blood sugar level to rise, and not consuming enough carbohydrates may cause the blood sugar level to fall.
The average adult diabetic diet includes three or four 15-gram servings of carbohydrates at each meal, and one or two servings for snacks, states WebMD. However, the requirements may vary depending on the individual, so it is important to speak to a registered dietitian to form an accurate carbohydrate-counting plan. Counting carbohydrates is most useful for people who want more food options, or for people who use an insulin pump or take more than one shot of insulin daily.