Patients who are morbidly obese are at a greater risk of complications from back surgery, states Back-Surgery.com. Complications include slower or incomplete healing, as well as poor tissue oxygenation and higher rates of infections such as pneumonia.
Obese patients are more likely to need back surgery and are more likely to suffer complications from it, according to Back-Surgery.com. Patients with a Body Mass Index, or BMI, over 40 have a 36 percent chance of complications from back surgery, compared to 14 percent of patients with a lower BMI. Surgical complications from obesity may arise from difficultly accessing the bodily organs and positioning the patient. Obese patients are at greater risk for several complications after any kind of surgery, states WebMD. These complications include greater risk of heart attack, peripheral nerve injury, wound infection and urinary tract infection.