Women can prevent water retention by watching their diet, getting regular exercise and taking medications or supplements, according to the Mayo Clinic. Patients with chronic symptoms may need to see a doctor to determine if their bloating is pre-menstrual or caused by another condition, such as irritable bowel syndrome.
Dietary changes can help prevent water retention, the Mayo Clinic reports. Avoiding salt, caffeine and alcohol curbs bloating. Patients should cut down on processed foods and read labels to manage their salt intake. Instead patients should focus on eating nuts, fruits, vegetables, seeds and whole grains.
If dietary changes and exercises do not help, patients may consider taking medication or supplements, Mayo Clinic reports. Prescription diuretics can alleviate symptoms but can have side effects. Birth control pills also may lessen pre-menstrual symptoms such as water retention. Also, though a variety of supplements have been touted as cures for water retention, only a few have been found to be effective. Research has found that calcium, B vitamins, vitamin E and magnesium may relieve bloating in some women.