Women can prevent hemorrhoids from developing by eating a variety of healthy foods that are high in fiber, drinking plenty of water, getting exercise each week, taking fiber supplements and practicing positive bathroom habits, according to WebMD. Women and men can develop internal hemorrhoids or external hemorrhoids from chronic constipation, bowel movement straining and prolonged sitting throughout the day, according to Harvard Medical School.
However, the exact cause of hemorrhoids is unknown and it is unknown why these activities seem to trigger hemorrhoids, reports Harvard Medical School. Hemorrhoids occur when the veins near the anus become swollen. Internal hemorrhoids are painless most of the time, but external hemorrhoids are often painful and difficult to treat. Most of the time, the hemorrhoids will dissipate on their own with time. Women will also find that they are more prone to hemorrhoid formation during pregnancy
To diagnose the hemorrhoid, a doctor will perform a physical exam and possibly a digital rectal exam, according to Harvard Medical School. The doctor will then prescribe topical creams or perform surgery to remove the hemorrhoid. For more stubborn and painful situations, the doctor may recommend staple or rubber band ligation treatment. Both of these treatments are invasive and unnecessary for most hemorrhoid problems.