Eating a healthy diet that includes foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, quitting smoking, reducing high blood pressure, maintaining a healthy weight and having regular eye exams may decrease the risk of macular degeneration, explains Mayo Clinic. Early detection and treatment reduce the loss of vision caused by wet macular degeneration, but the condition itself is an age-related chronic disease, and its onset can't be predicted.Continue Reading
The two types of macular degeneration are wet and dry, and wet macular degeneration, which is more serious, usually follows the dry type, states Mayo Clinic. Abnormal blood vessels can leak into the macula, the area in the center of the retina, and cause blurred vision. Alternatively, fluid can build up in the back of the eye and cause a bump or a blister under the macula.
Although some factors that contribute to an increased risk of developing macular degeneration can be controlled, there are others that are inherently uncontrollable, notes Mayo Clinic. People over 65, Caucasians and those with a family history of the condition run a greater risk of macular degeneration. People who have had cardiovascular diseases and those with inflammation also may be at greater risk. There is no cure for wet macular degeneration, but treatments to target abnormal blood vessels in the eye are available.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases