A urethral sling surgery is successful in curing stress-type urinary incontinence approximately 80 percent of the time, as reported by WebMD. To increase the likelihood of a successful procedure, patients can quit smoking, lose weight and perform Kegel exercises before the surgery.
Urethral sling procedures are effective for the majority of women, and many patients have complete bladder control within hours of the surgery, according to Advanced Pelvic Surgery. The procedure involves making an incision in the abdomen, vagina or top of the thigh before inserting a sling to form a cradle around the urethra, restoring it to its normal position and providing extra support.
A urethral sling surgery is more complex than other surgeries for stress urinary incontinence and carries a greater risk of urethral damage, so it is sometimes performed when other surgeries fail, according to WebMD. Potential complications of a urinary sling surgery include difficulty urinating, newly developed urge-type incontinence, infection at the incision site, bleeding, damage to other organs and risks associated with anesthesia. Patients can often return home two or three days after the procedure, but they should expect a recovery period of two to four weeks. Some pain may be present at the incision site, and patients may experience abdominal cramping.