Treatment options for mild skin problems are available over the counter at most pharmacies, while more serious skin problems can be treated with medication prescribed by a dermatologist, according to Merck Manuals. Treatment options include topical solutions and oral medicines.
Topical treatments for skin problems include ointments, creams and lotions that are applied directly to the affected area. Topical preparations can be used to reduce itching or inflammation, moisturize the skin, clean wounds, or protect the area from further damage or infection, according to Merck Manuals. Oral agents are sometimes used to fight skin infections or control allergic reactions.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, board-certified dermatologists are trained to recognize and treat more than 3,000 different diseases of the skin, nails and hair.