A tooth abscess is not treatable at home, though temporary remedies that may give relief from its pain include warm compresses, over-the-counter painkillers and baking soda rinses, according to MedicineNet. However, the infection still requires proper treatment with a dental professional to prevent serious complications such as blocked airways or sepsis. Treatment for a tooth abscess involves draining the tooth and clearing the infection with antibiotics, followed by a root canal procedure and tooth restoration or extraction.
A tooth or periapical abscess is a bacterial infection that originates from the tooth's inner pulp chamber and spreads to its root area, explains MedicineNet. This abscess contains pus that forms from white blood cells, bacteria and tissue debris. The third molars, which are difficult to clean, are the most vulnerable to such an infection. Causes of a tooth abscess include dental decay, occlusal trauma, a blow to the tooth, and dental treatment such as a filling.
Symptoms of a tooth abscess include inflammation, throbbing pain, a bad taste in the mouth, darkening of the affected tooth and a draining fistula on the gums, adds MedicineNet. Sometimes the abscessed tooth stops reacting to stimuli because of its weakened state and thus is not painful and shows no symptoms at all.