Draining the abscess, carrying out a root canal, pulling the infected tooth and taking antibiotics are the four most common treatments for a tooth abscess, according to Mayo Clinic. The primary goal of treatment is to banish the infection from the body.
Draining the abscess involves making a minuscule incision in the abscess, draining the pus and washing the whole area with salt water. Performing a root canal involves drilling down into the infected tooth, pulling out the infected pulp from the center of the tooth and then draining the abscess. Filling and sealing that internal chamber and the root canals are next, followed by placing a crown on the tooth to provide ongoing strength. Those who take proper care of their teeth after this should have no more issues with that tooth, states Mayo Clinic.
If it's not possible to save the tooth, the dentist pulls it out and then drains the abscess to get the infection out of the body. If the infection has spread beyond the tooth to other teeth or the jaw as a whole, the dentist is likely to prescribe antibiotics to get rid of it. People who suffer from a compromised immune system also receive antibiotics in many cases, notes Mayo Clinic.
An abscess is an infection that sets in between a tooth and the gum or at the root of a tooth. The most frequent cause is intense tooth decay, although tooth trauma, gum disease and gingivitis also cause it. These issues cause gaps in the tooth enamel, permitting bacteria to get to the pulp and start an infection. Fever, painful chewing, sensitivity to cold or heat in the teeth, and a foul smell to the breath are all symptoms of an abscess. Swelling in the neck glands, swollen and red gums, and the presence of an open, running sore on the gum are warning signs of an abscessed tooth as well, reports WebMD.