Home treatments for swollen hemorrhoids include bed rest to get the pressure off veins and a sitz bath that soothes the anal area with warm water, according to WebMD. The emphasis with home treatments is to develop healthy habits with the bowel and minimize recurrence of the hemorrhoids.
After bowel movements, it helps to rinse off over a bidet or in a shower after a bowel movement instead of using toilet paper. Patting the anus dry with a soft cloth or towel after cleaning soothes the area. If toilet paper is necessary, dampening it with water or using flushable, medicated wipes is another helpful idea, as stated by WebMD.
Over-the-counter pain relievers can also help with swelling and pain. Ibuprofen and naproxen are most useful with swelling. Ice applied a few times a day for no more than 10 minutes at a time can also reduce swelling. After the first application, applying a warm compress for 10 to 20 minutes accelerates the healing. For sitz baths, the maximum soak time is 15 minutes, and it is important to keep the water warm but not hot enough to burn. Alternating frequently between sitting and standing also keeps hemorrhoids from causing more discomfort, reports WebMD.