Injections, prescription and over-the-counter remedies such as gels, ointments or scar creams, laser surgery, dermabrasion, and surgical removal are all listed by WebMD as ways to treat scar tissue. Different scars require different treatments, such as injections for keloid scars.
Scars caused by cuts and other wounds may respond to ointments and similar treatments, according to WebMD. Prescription treatments sometimes include antihistamine creams or steroids for scars that are itchy or sensitive. Scars from acne are sometimes treated with silicone gel sheetings, which are also used to treat hypertrophic scars, which are similar to keloids. Steroid injections are another effective treatment for these scars.
The three main laser treatments available for scars are laser resurfacing or ablative laser resurfacing, non-ablative laser resurfacing, and fractionated laser resurfacing, EverydayHealth explains. In ablative laser resurfacing, a dermatologist uses a laser to burn away the scarred top layer of skin. In fractionated laser resurfacing, a laser penetrates into deeper skin layers after the dermatologist applies a topical anesthetic to the area. Non-ablative laser resurfacing is sometimes more painful, but it permits dermatologists to treat inner layers of skin without damaging the surface.
Other than laser treatments, options for deeper or more severe scars include excision, dermabrasion and skin grafts, according to WebMD. Skin grafts are sometimes used to treat burn scars.