Individuals can treat osteopenia by using medicine to prevent it from advancing to osteoporosis, explains WebMD. Doctors may prescribe medications for osteopenia, including raloxifene, bisphosphonates and hormone replacement. Making lifestyle changes, such as undertaking exercises and dietary changes, helps to contain the bone loss that results in osteopenia and osteoporosis.
A calcium-rich diet is essential to bone development, and the best sources include milk, green vegetables and calcium-enriched products, states WebMD. It is also beneficial to take a calcium supplement along with vitamin D, which helps the body absorb calcium and other minerals. Exercises, such as walking, dancing and hiking, help to improve the strength of bones. Limiting the use of alcohol and quitting smoking helps to reduce the risk of bone loss.