How can you treat a knee effusion?


Quick Answer

According to the Mayo Clinic, knee effusion treatments include medications, medical procedures and minimally invasive surgery. Strengthening thigh muscles and avoiding heavy pressure on the knees lessens knee effusion occurrences.

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Full Answer

According to the Mayo Clinic, over-the-counter pain medications treat the symptoms of knee effusion, and antibiotics treat a knee effusion caused by an infection. Corticosteroids are an advanced anti-inflammatory drug that are taken orally or through injection, which should be taken sparingly. Joint aspiration is a procedure that removes fluid from the knee joint to relieve pressure, and arthroscopy involves a surgeon making a small incision over the knee joint to insert an arthroscope inside of the knee. The arthroscope allows the surgeon to view inside of the knee joint, and loose tissue or damage is sometimes also repaired during the procedure. Joint replacement is next prescribed when it is impossible to bear weight on the knee joint.

The Mayo Clinic recommends avoiding any activity that places weight on the knee joint when it is swollen. Exercise also treats a knee effusion; the Mayo Clinic recommends consulting a physical therapist to learn how to strengthen the thigh muscles that support the knee and to select exercises such as swimming and water aerobics to place less pressure on knee joints.

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