How can you treat inner ear problems to correct balance?


Quick Answer

Treatment options for inner-ear balance problems include vestibular rehabilitation therapy, canalith repositioning maneuvers, dietary changes, medication management and surgery. The choice of treatment depends upon symptoms, medical history, evaluation by a qualified physician and results of diagnostic tests, states Vestibular Disorders Association.

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Full Answer

A diagnosis of acute vestibular neuronitis or labyrinthitis is treated with vestibular rehabilitation therapy, or VRT, which is a series of exercises prescribed by a physical therapist or occupational therapist, explains Mayo Clinic. A specific version of VRT is used to treat benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, or BPPV, which involves moving the head to reposition particles in the inner ear and reduce vertiginous symptoms. In the case of Ménière’s disease, reducing sugar, salt and caffeine consumption is used to maintain stable inner-ear concentrations of sodium, potassium, chloride and additional electrolytes, reports Vestibular Disorders Association.

Medications such as meclizine, diazepam, and dimenhydrinate may be prescribed to treat symptoms of nausea and dizziness. Corticosteroids may also be used to improve vestibular function or balance according to Mayo Clinic. If medications and medical treatment fail to reduce vertigo or improve vestibular function, surgery may be an option. Surgery is used to either repair inner-ear function or to prevent sensory information to travel from the inner ear to the brain, states Vestibular Disorders Association.

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