To treat a rotator cuff injury at home, apply heat and ice to the shoulder, rest it, and take pain relievers, suggests Mayo Clinic. A minor injury to the rotator cuff may heal itself with these home remedies.
Resting the shoulder by avoiding the movements that caused the pain may help, explains Mayo Clinic. It is best to avoid lifting heavy objects and raising the arm over the head until the injury has healed. Icing the shoulder with a cold pack for 20 to 30 minutes every three to four hours can help reduce swelling and pain during the first few days after the injury. When it feels better, applying heat can help soothe tight and sore muscles. Using pain relievers such as ibuprofen, naproxen sodium and acetaminophen can also relieve pain symptoms.
Sometimes doctors recommend physical therapy to treat rotator cuff injuries, according to Mayo Clinic. Physical therapy improves the shoulder's flexibility and strengthens the muscles of the shoulder area. The risk of rotator cuff injuries increases with age, and people whose jobs require overhead activities experience rotator cuff injuries most often, reports Mayo Clinic. Accidents and injuries can also tear the rotator cuff, and these tears usually require surgery to repair.