Although diverticulosis generally does not require treatment, patients with painful symptoms can take pain medications and increase the amount of fiber in their diet to reduce constipation, according to MedicineNet. Anti-spasmodic drugs can treat patients with benign stomach pain.
Constipation is the most common symptom of diverticulosis, but patients should not take laxatives or enemas to treat their condition, asserts Cleveland Clinic. Maintaining a high-fiber diet or eating a normal amount of fiber can decrease the pressure that builds up in the colon and prevent the development of sacs, or diverticula, in the colon, adds MedicineNet. Patients with infected diverticula require antibiotics and hospitalization.
Because diverticulosis is a medical condition that generally does not present symptoms, it is usually diagnosed when the patient is tested for other conditions, claims Cleveland Clinic. The disease is commonly found in individuals over the age of 40. Colonoscopy, CT scans and barium enemas are used to diagnose diverticular disease. Drinking enough water, exercising, consuming at least 20 grams of fiber every day and getting plenty of rest can help prevent diverticulosis.
The diverticula are not able to disappear naturally after they have formed, so it is important to prevent their development through positive lifestyle changes, states the American College of Gastroenterology.